Researchers from Georgetown Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center demonstrate, in animals, that maternal exposure to a high-fat diet or excess estrogen during pregnancy can increase breast cancer risk in multiple generations of female offspring — daughters, granddaughters and even great-granddaughters.
Wednesday, September 12, 2012 - 15:34
Doctors at the hospital’s Vascular Birthmark Institute were enticed by the chance to study anomalies of the arteries and veins that are rare in humans but common in dogs. And the traffic between human and animal hospitals flows in the other direction, too: Late last month, veterinarians from the Animal Medical Center began meeting with their counterparts at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center to set up trials of a noninvasive device for removing tumors of the urinary tract with electrical impulses. Exchanges of this sort are becoming increasingly common. Once a narrow trail traveled by a few hardy pioneers, the road connecting veterinary colleges and human medical institutions has become a busy thoroughfare over the last five years or so, with a steady flow of researchers representing a wide variety of medical disciplines on both sides.
Tuesday, September 11, 2012 - 13:28
Tuesday, September 11, 2012 - 10:05
The injection of a tiny capsule containing heat-generating cells into the abdomens of mice led those animals to burn abdominal fat and initially lose about 20 percent of belly fat after 80 days of treatment.
Monday, September 10, 2012 - 16:05
Sleep disruptions may be among the earliest indicators of Alzheimer’s disease, scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis report Sept. 5 in Science Translational Medicine. Working in a mouse model, the researchers found that when the first signs of Alzheimer’s plaques appear in the brain, the normal sleep-wake cycle is significantly disrupted.
Friday, September 7, 2012 - 14:57
A vaginal ring that emits an HIV- fighting drug protected monkeys from getting a version of the AIDS-causing virus, according to a study that suggests the same approach may help women whose partners won’t wear condoms.
Thursday, September 6, 2012 - 15:21
Not only have great strides been made in human genetics but also in animal genetics. This is important because such genetic information is not only helpful to the animal, but it frequently can also be applied to humans, remarked Dr. Murray Feingold.
Thursday, September 6, 2012 - 15:19
Scientists have restored the sense of smell in mice through gene therapy for the first time -- a hopeful sign for people who can’t smell anything from birth or lose it due to disease.
Tuesday, September 4, 2012 - 10:26
Researchers found that the human monoclonal antibody targeting the virus protected chimpanzees from HCV infection in a dose-dependent manner in a study conducted at Texas Biomed's Southwest National Primate Research Center in San Antonio. Chimpanzees are the only species other than humans that can be infected by the hepatitis C virus and therefore the results from this study were critical in the development of the monoclonal antibody.
Friday, August 31, 2012 - 09:27
Research at Imperial College London examining influenza transmission in ferrets suggests that the virus can be passed on before the appearance of symptoms. If the finding applies to humans, it means that people pass on flu to others before they know they’re infected, making it very difficult to contain epidemics.
Thursday, August 30, 2012 - 15:40
The latest news from a long-term study of calorie restriction in rhesus macaques shows better health, but no boost in lifespan, in monkeys who eat less.
Thursday, August 30, 2012 - 10:58
A drug originally developed to stop cancerous tumors may hold the potential to prevent abnormal brain cell growth and learning disabilities in some children, if they can be diagnosed early enough, a new animal study suggests.
Wednesday, August 29, 2012 - 14:32
Leuven scientists (VIB/KU Leuven) are using zebrafish as a model in their search for genes that play a role in the mechanism of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). As a result, they have identified a molecule that could be the target for a future ALS treatment.
Wednesday, August 29, 2012 - 10:32
Rat studies show that cognitive control, an ability eroded in disorders such as schizophrenia, could be protected with brain training.
Friday, August 24, 2012 - 13:39
How do stem cells preserve their ability to become any type of cell in the body? And how do they “decide” to give up that magical state and start specializing? If researchers could answer these questions, our ability to harness stem cells to treat disease could explode. University of Michigan Medical School researcher Yali Dou and her team have discovered the crucial role of a protein called Mof in preserving the "stem-ness" of stem cells, and priming them to become specialized cells in mice.
Wednesday, August 22, 2012 - 15:14
New research led by Professor Hannes Lohi at the University of Helsinki, Finland, revealed several similarities between compulsive behavior in dogs and humans. Dogs may turn out to be of significant use in investigating the causes of human psychiatric diseases. "Stereotypic behavior occurs in dogs spontaneously; they share the same environment with humans, and as large animals are physiologically close to humans. Furthermore, their strict breed structure aids the identification of genes."
Tuesday, August 21, 2012 - 14:21
Monday, August 20, 2012 - 16:21
Dog lovers may be interested in an article published this week in the New England Journal of Medicine: It highlights the discoveries scientists are making about diseases that various dog breeds are prone to -- and how those findings can benefit human health as well as that of canines.
Friday, August 17, 2012 - 13:47
A small molecule that inhibits a protein important for chromatin organization can cause reversible sterility in male mice.
Friday, August 17, 2012 - 10:20
Even sharks can get a tan. Sharks' skin turns from dark brown to black as the pigment melanin increases in direct response to radiation. In other fish, the exposure can lead to skin cancer. Sharks, however, just seem to tan. What's their secret? The answer could hold the key to preventing skin disease in humans.
Thursday, August 16, 2012 - 14:41