A peripheral nerve graft and treatment with an enzyme blocker restored breathing in partially paralyzed rats. The finding, published today (July 13) in Nature, suggests that a similar technique could one day be used to treat quadriplegics, who usually need artificial respirators to breathe.
Thursday, July 14, 2011 - 11:29
New findings in mice suggest that the timing when the neurotransmitter acetylcholine is released in the brain’s hippocampus may play a key role in regulating the strength of nerve cell connections, called synapses.
Wednesday, July 13, 2011 - 14:34
The active ingredient in a traditional Chinese herbal remedy might help treat deadly brain tumors, according to a new study by researchers at the Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center – Arthur G. James Cancer Hospital and Richard J. Solove Research Institute (OSUCCC – James).
Tuesday, July 12, 2011 - 13:03
Thirty "micetronauts" rocketed into space Friday aboard the final shuttle flight as part of an Amgen experiment to regrow bone in space.
Tuesday, July 12, 2011 - 10:58
Researchers have discovered that an ingredient in common, over-the-counter cough syrups can alleviate symptoms of multiple sclerosis (MS), an inflammatory, autoimmune disease that affects about 2.5 million people worldwide.Researchers have discovered that an ingredient in common, over-the-counter cough syrups can alleviate symptoms of multiple sclerosis (MS), an inflammatory, autoimmune disease that affects about 2.5 million people worldwide.
Monday, July 11, 2011 - 11:33
Liver cancers are embedded with a type of super cancer stem cells that make them resistant to chemotherapy, spread to other body parts and stage a comeback even after they are surgically removed, researchers in Hong Kong reported on Thursday.
Friday, July 8, 2011 - 12:21
With the final space shuttle scheduled to launch July 8 carrying an iPhone and a mutant strain of salmonella, we're taking a look at some of the strangest things that have ridden along with the shuttle astronauts into space.
Friday, July 8, 2011 - 12:14
Researchers at King’s College London have found a molecule in the body which controls sensitivity to pain from UVB irradiation, identifying it as a new target for medicines to treat pain caused by other common inflammatory conditions such as arthritis.
Thursday, July 7, 2011 - 10:46
Scientists have good reasons to be curious about the genome of the naked mole-rat. The mole-rat, found in the deserts of East Africa, can survive many years in a harsh environment and appears to be resistant to diseases of aging, including cancer. Studies suggest that the mole-rat cells have anti-tumor characteristics not found in other rodents.
Thursday, July 7, 2011 - 10:36
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the most common type of liver cancer, is a leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Although there are several treatment options available, they are largely unsuccessful because the disease is so poorly understood.
Wednesday, July 6, 2011 - 12:32
SALT LAKE CITY — Watch a life-saving drug flow into the arm of a loved one who has cancer or reach for prescription medication to ease your allergies or lower your blood pressure and there's a good chance you owe some thanks to a fruit fly, a zebrafish or a mouse. Or maybe all of them.
Wednesday, July 6, 2011 - 12:07
Scientists at the National Institutes of Health have uncovered a pathway in mice that allows white fat — a contributor to obesity and type 2 diabetes — to burn calories in a way that’s normally found in brown fat and muscle. The findings are in the July 6 edition of Cell Metabolism.
Wednesday, July 6, 2011 - 11:51
Long-term exposure to air pollution can lead to physical changes in the brain, as well as learning and memory problems and even depression, new research in mice suggests.
Tuesday, July 5, 2011 - 12:19
A protein previously thought not to exist in adult human lungs not only is present in normal and cancerous lung tissue, scientists have found, but it also has a major role in the development of a lethal complication of some lung cancers.
Tuesday, July 5, 2011 - 12:11
Stanford University School of Medicine investigators have linked a master molecule of the immune system, gamma-interferon, to the pathology of asthma, in a study of mice.
Tuesday, July 5, 2011 - 09:36
Using a combination of genetic engineering and laser technology, researchers at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill have manipulated brain wiring responsible for reward-seeking behaviors, such as drug addiction. The work, conducted in rodent models, is the first to directly demonstrate the role of these specific connections in controlling behavior.
Friday, July 1, 2011 - 11:57
Rodent study identifies a key virus-sensing mechanism that is necessary for a successful immune response against infection with this particularly deadly type of virus. The research may help to guide the future design of more effective antiretroviral vaccines.
Thursday, June 30, 2011 - 13:44
In a U.S. study, early safety tests suggested the eggs of pig whipworms have anti-inflammatory properties, reducing the size of brain lesions in MS patients.
Thursday, June 30, 2011 - 13:26
For the first time, scientists have figured out how re-grow big chunks of human skeletal muscle by tricking the human body into accepting a biological matrix of pig proteins. If successful, this cellular regeneration method promises new life for injured war veterans and other trauma victims who are missing more than 25 percent of a limb and/or who face amputation.
Tuesday, June 28, 2011 - 12:26
Scientists have used a gene therapy tool that acts like intelligent molecular scissors to correct the key gene defect in mice with hemophilia B, a disease that can lead to uncontrolled bleeding. The intervention improved the animals’ blood clotting enough that their severe disease was reduced to a mild form.
Tuesday, June 28, 2011 - 12:19