In the July 26 issue of PLoS Biology, Dr. Dongsheng Cai and his research team at Albert Einstein College of Medicine describe a pathway that directs the brain to sense the body's glucose dynamics, and they find that a defect of this glucose sensing process contributes to the development of obesity and related disease.
Wednesday, July 27, 2011 - 09:44
Delicate, threadlike protrusions used by cancer cells when they invade other tissues in the body could also help them escape control mechanisms supposed to eliminate them, a research group led by led by Bradley Davidson in the University of Arizona's department of molecular and cellular biology reports in Nature Cell Biology.
Wednesday, July 27, 2011 - 09:13
Removing a protein from cells located in the brain's reward center blocks the anxiety-reducing and rewarding effects of nicotine, according to a new animal study in the July 27 issue of The Journal of Neuroscience. The findings may help researchers better understand how nicotine affects the brain.
Wednesday, July 27, 2011 - 08:42
Researchers in Ottawa report new hope for the treatment of infants born with serious genetic disorder.
Tuesday, July 26, 2011 - 09:00
A promising gene therapy developed, in part, at Thomas Jefferson University’s Center for Translational Medicine to prevent and reverse congestive heart failure is on the verge of clinical trials, after years of proving itself highly effective in the lab and a large animal study.
Thursday, July 21, 2011 - 12:11
At fertilization, a massive release of the metal zinc appears to set the fertilized egg cell on the path to dividing and growing into an embryo, according to the results of animal studies supported by the National Institutes of Health.
Thursday, July 21, 2011 - 10:50
It has taken nearly a century, but mouse geneticists are finally finishing the work started by Abbie Lathrop. The former schoolteacher from Massachusetts bred many of what became the first laboratory strains of mice in the early 1900s.
Tuesday, July 19, 2011 - 11:59
Researchers at The University of Western Ontario have identified genes that may be important for preventing childhood leukemia.
Tuesday, July 19, 2011 - 11:25
A report in the journal Nature showed a nerve graft, coupled with a protein, could restore breathing. uman trials could begin soon, which the charity Spinal Research said could be "potentially life-changing".
Thursday, July 14, 2011 - 11:47
A peripheral nerve graft and treatment with an enzyme blocker restored breathing in partially paralyzed rats. The finding, published today (July 13) in Nature, suggests that a similar technique could one day be used to treat quadriplegics, who usually need artificial respirators to breathe.
Thursday, July 14, 2011 - 11:29
New findings in mice suggest that the timing when the neurotransmitter acetylcholine is released in the brain’s hippocampus may play a key role in regulating the strength of nerve cell connections, called synapses.
Wednesday, July 13, 2011 - 14:34
The active ingredient in a traditional Chinese herbal remedy might help treat deadly brain tumors, according to a new study by researchers at the Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center – Arthur G. James Cancer Hospital and Richard J. Solove Research Institute (OSUCCC – James).
Tuesday, July 12, 2011 - 13:03
Thirty "micetronauts" rocketed into space Friday aboard the final shuttle flight as part of an Amgen experiment to regrow bone in space.
Tuesday, July 12, 2011 - 10:58
Researchers have discovered that an ingredient in common, over-the-counter cough syrups can alleviate symptoms of multiple sclerosis (MS), an inflammatory, autoimmune disease that affects about 2.5 million people worldwide.Researchers have discovered that an ingredient in common, over-the-counter cough syrups can alleviate symptoms of multiple sclerosis (MS), an inflammatory, autoimmune disease that affects about 2.5 million people worldwide.
Monday, July 11, 2011 - 11:33
Liver cancers are embedded with a type of super cancer stem cells that make them resistant to chemotherapy, spread to other body parts and stage a comeback even after they are surgically removed, researchers in Hong Kong reported on Thursday.
Friday, July 8, 2011 - 12:21
With the final space shuttle scheduled to launch July 8 carrying an iPhone and a mutant strain of salmonella, we're taking a look at some of the strangest things that have ridden along with the shuttle astronauts into space.
Friday, July 8, 2011 - 12:14
Researchers at King’s College London have found a molecule in the body which controls sensitivity to pain from UVB irradiation, identifying it as a new target for medicines to treat pain caused by other common inflammatory conditions such as arthritis.
Thursday, July 7, 2011 - 10:46
Scientists have good reasons to be curious about the genome of the naked mole-rat. The mole-rat, found in the deserts of East Africa, can survive many years in a harsh environment and appears to be resistant to diseases of aging, including cancer. Studies suggest that the mole-rat cells have anti-tumor characteristics not found in other rodents.
Thursday, July 7, 2011 - 10:36
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the most common type of liver cancer, is a leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Although there are several treatment options available, they are largely unsuccessful because the disease is so poorly understood.
Wednesday, July 6, 2011 - 12:32
SALT LAKE CITY — Watch a life-saving drug flow into the arm of a loved one who has cancer or reach for prescription medication to ease your allergies or lower your blood pressure and there's a good chance you owe some thanks to a fruit fly, a zebrafish or a mouse. Or maybe all of them.
Wednesday, July 6, 2011 - 12:07